The omithre stone is a precious gemstone that is deep blue in color, but also has a clear quality reminiscent of blue glass. Its name is derived from the Greek words omorfo meaning “beautiful” and aithre meaning “bright sky”. The stones are produced in the gut of the Hugodo lizards, which are only found naturally on a small island in the South Pacific called Adamoondi. The gems along with the island were discovered in 1762 when Cornel Hatchet discovered the island and his crew was desperate for food. As accounts from sailors journals state, the first few lizards contained no stones, but some a soon as you gutted their intestines they were lined with patches of beautiful blue crystals. Cornel Adamoondi’s crew brought 10 Hugodo lizards back to be tested and examined. Scientist at the time could not discover why stones grew in some lizards and not others. In fact lizards in captivity seemed to produce no stones at all, even if some were present before the lizards came. It wasn’t until researches at the Hatchet Zoo viewed Hugodo lizards practicing cannibalism and they realize the gems were produced only if the lizards ate other female lizards. Further research showed when the lizards ingested the egg sacs they crystalize in the intestine and create the omithre gem.
Since the omithre gem was discovered in 1762 it had been turned into jewelry and worn by royalty and the very wealthy. The largest cluster of stones is housed in the Smithsonian natural history museum and measures over 12 inches long and 7 inches wide. The stones can either be displayed in cluster or separated in single stones. Usually stones measuring larger that .25 carats are taken out of the clusters and sold as individual gems and are extremely rare. Most clusters contain approximate 50-100 small crystals and measure less than an inch in diameter.