Much is known about the Philippine national animal the carabao, however there was a species closely related to the carabao discovered roughly around the same time Mt.Pinatubo erupted back in 1993. Following the aftermath of the eruption, scientists went to the mountain to follow up on the landscape that was devastated. Much to their surprise, a new area in the side of the mountain opened up from the lava flow revealing an underground oasis containing life. The most significant discovery they made was an animal they named the Baracao.


Since the Baracao was only discovered roughly twenty-five years ago, scientists are still researching the animal. Scientists decided to name the animal "Baracao" since the genetic makeup closely resemble its cousin the Carabao. The baracao is classified in the animal family bovidae, due to it sharing characteristics of water buffalos, cattle, sheep, goats, and bison. Scientists believe the baracao were originally a herd of carabao that lived near the oasis, however they were cut off from the surface after a rock slide isolated the area. As a result of being isolated baracao are very low in population, with roughly only around one hundred living.

Appearance and Behaviors

The appearance of baracaos are skinny, pale, having medium sized curved horns, and hairless. Baracaos are also observed to barely have any eyesight with bioluminescent rocks as the only source of light, but they have a very strong sense of hearing and smell to compensate for their lack of vision. Also due to the lack of vitamin d from sunlight, baracaos are hairless and pale. The reason why baracaos are skinny is mainly from the lack of food resources, and the tough underground terrain they live in. Baracaos are recognized to eating the few underground plants and insects there, and being extremely aggressive towards one another butting horns when competing for resources. Considering baracaos are aggressive towards one another, baracaos tend to isolate themselves from one another, only interacting with each other when they have to mate. When they do have to mate, couples typically spend a week together, after which the male abandons the female baracao. Once the female births the calf, it abandons the calf leaving it to defend for itself. From the start the calf learns of its' harsh reality, competing with other calfs for resources until it hits maturation at roughly five years old.

Nick Lansang 

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