The Philadelphia Massacre was a bloody battle which occurred on March 3rd, 1781 during the American Revolutionary War. It was one of the major turning points of the war, and turned the favor of the war to the Americans over the British. The British had a company of soldiers that took command of the center of town in Philadelphia, PA. They captured over 100 members of the American militia, and held them in a local church in Philadelphia.
As the British were locking the Militia in the church, the Colonial Army moved into position outside of town to launch a surprise attack on the British company. They were spotted by a British scout, and the British redcoats quickly fortified their positions around Philadelphia to prepare to defend themselves against the oncoming attack. What the British failed to do was securely lock the Church and assign guards to prevent any of the prisoners from breaking out while the fighting was going on around Philadelphia. The prisoners inside the church, led by Colonel John Armstrong, were able to break through some windows once they realized there were no guards watching over them. The prisoners all escaped from the Church and went to their local hideouts to get ahold of all of their muskets.
While the British were preoccupied fighting the Colonial Army attacking them from the front, they did not notice the local Militia sneaking up on them from behind. Suddenly, the British company was surrounded and had cannons hitting them from one side with the Army charging at them, and from behind them they had over 100 Militia members on a hilltop firing down at them. The British General Lucas Greystone had no choice but to order a retreat into the center of Philadelphia where the British made one last stand in hopes of receiving reinforcements. On March 5th, after 2 days of fighting, the British surrendered to Armstrong and the Colonial Army. The British Company was almost entirely wiped out, they lost over 500 men and another 500 were captured as Prisoners of war. Out of those 1000 British soldiers, 200 were officer rank or higher. The blow proved to be fatal for the British army, which from that point on, only became weaker.
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